What Is Cancer?
Cancer is really a group of numerous associated diseases that all relate to cells. Cells are the really little units that make up all living things, consisting of the human body. There are billions of cells in each person's body.
Cancer occurs when cells that are not regular grow and spread extremely quickly. Regular body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. In time, they likewise pass away. Unlike these normal cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and do not pass away when they're supposed to.
Cancer cells typically group or clump together to form growths (state: TOO-mers). A growing tumor becomes a swelling of cancer cells that can damage the normal cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make someone really ill.
Sometimes cancer cells break away from the original growth and travel to other locations of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a tumor to a brand-new location in the body is called metastasis (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Causes of Cancer
You probably know a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. However you probably don't know any kids who have actually had cancer. If you loaded a large football stadium with kids, probably just one kid in that stadium would have cancer.
Physicians aren't sure why some individuals get cancer and others do not. They do understand that cancer is not contagious. You can't catch it from another person who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by bacteria, like colds or the flu are. So don't hesitate of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can talk with, have fun with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids think that a bump on the head causes brain cancer or that bad individuals get cancer. This isn't real! Kids do not do anything wrong to get cancer. But some unhealthy practices, particularly cigarette smoking cigarettes or drinking excessive alcohol every day, can make you a lot most likely to get cancer when you become an adult.
It can take a while for a medical professional to find out a kid has cancer. That's because the symptoms cancer can cause-- weight reduction, fevers, inflamed glands, or feeling extremely worn out or sick for a while-- usually are not caused by cancer. When a kid has these issues, it's frequently triggered by something less severe, like an infection. With medical testing, the doctor can figure out what's causing the difficulty.
If the physician believes cancer, she or he can do tests to figure out if that's the problem. A doctor might purchase X-rays and blood tests and suggest the individual visit an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a medical professional who looks after and treats cancer patients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to find out if someone truly has cancer. If so, tests can determine what type of cancer it is and if it has actually infected other parts of the body. Based upon the outcomes, the medical professional will decide the follow this link best way to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a surgeon) may perform is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). During a biopsy, a piece of tissue is eliminated from a growth or a location in the body where cancer is presumed, like the bone marrow. Do not stress-- somebody getting this test will get unique medicine to keep him or her comfortable during the biopsy. The sample that's collected will be examined under a microscope for cancer cells.
The quicker cancer is found and treatment begins, the better someone's possibilities are for a complete healing and remedy.
Dealing With Cancer Thoroughly
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or often a mix of these treatments. The option of treatment depends upon:
Surgical treatment is the earliest kind of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 individuals with cancer will have an operation to eliminate it. Throughout surgical treatment, the medical professional tries to take out as many cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue may also be removed to make sure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is making use of anti-cancer medicines (drugs) to treat cancer. These medicines are sometimes taken as a pill, but usually are given through a special intravenous (say: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, also called an IV. An IV is a tiny plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is put into a vein through someone's skin, usually on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medication. The medication streams from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can take a trip throughout the body and attack cancer cells.